When a person passes blood along with urine or when urine is discoloured, pinkish then Heamaturia is suspected. Gross hematuria is when the person can spot the blood directly in the urine and microscopic hematuria is when blood cannot be seen with naked eyes and it is visible only under the microscope.

What are the symptoms?

When a patient has gross hematuria, it produces pink, red or cola-coloured urine due to the presence of red blood cells. A little bit of blood can produce red urine and if the bleeding is painless you may not know it. However if blood clots are present in the urine then it can be painful, the symptoms occur before any other signs manifest.

What are the causes?

Hematuria is a condition where the kidney and other parts of the urinary system leakes blood in to the urine, discolouring it and leading to various problems even life threatening ones.
Among the main causes are Urinary Tract Infection or UTI, Kideny Infections, stone in the bladder or kidney, an enlarged prostate, kidney diseases, cancer of urinary system, kidney injury, strenuous exercises and some medicines.

What are the risk factors?

Hematuria is a condition that can affect anyone regardless of age or gender. It can affect men and women, young children and teens and people who are aged. So the factors that put you at risk includes age, a recent infection, family history, medications and continuous and strenuous exercise.