A high-risk pregnancy and its complications pose challenges before, during and after delivery. High-risk pregnancy is caused by various factors like advanced maternal age, lifestyle like smoking, drinking etc., a medical history of diabetes, BP or genetic conditions, anemia, infections or pregnancy complications like conditions of uterus, cervix and placenta. It can also be due to multiple pregnancies. Specialised tests and utmost pre and post natal care is administered to save life and prevent casualties due to high-risk pregnancies.
Preconception counselling includes risk assessment during pregnancy as well as the precautions to be taken to minimize the risks. Factors like increasing folic acid intake, cessation of harmful habits like smoking and drinking and proper management of medications help have a risk-free pregnancy. There are also one to one sessions with fertility experts who prepare the young couple for the pregnancy ahead. The counselling sessions are usually held 3-6 months before trying to conceive and it is held for both the partners.
This is a pregnancy complication which is characterised by high blood pressure and damage to the organ system. The most vulvenarble organs being kidneys and liver. The condition manifests usually after 20 weeks of pregnancy, especially in women whose BP has been normal so far. If untreated the condition can lead to serious and even fatal complications for the mother and the baby. If diagnosed with pre-eclampsia very early in the pregnancy that you cannot deliver your baby then it becomes a major risk. Early detection through pre-natal check-ups is the solution where the doctor can advise on managing the condition
A woman’s body goes through multiple changes during pregnancy. The amount of blood int he body goes up by 20 -30 percent, which means an increase in the amount of iron and vitamins in the body to make haemoglobin. But many women lack the sufficient amount of blood or iron that is need and this causes anemia. Mild anemia is common during pregnancy due to increase in blood volume but severe anemia can lead to high risk for the baby as well as the mother.
Take the advice of your doctor to change your lifestyle and diet to escape the problems caused due to anemia.
Pre-Natal Screening and Counselling
Our maternal-fetal medicine specialists and certified genetic counsellors will help you decide which prenatal screenings are right for you, explain your test results, and work with you to create a care plan for your pregnancy.
All these contribute towards ensuring a healthy foetal growth and safer pregnancy.
Heart Disease and Pregnancy
There is no doubt that pregnancy stresses the heart and circulatory system. During pregnancy the blood volume increases 30 to 50 percent to nourish the growing baby. The heart pumps more blood each minute and the heart rate keeps increasing. Labor and delivery puts more strain on the heart. It takes several weeks after delivery for the heart to return to its normal levels. Heart rhythm issues, heart valve problems, congestive heart failure and congenital heart disease. Expert consultation and proper medication is administer to keep the heart healthy and free of problems.
Diabetes and Pregnancy
Pregnancy in women with type 1 and 2 diabetes does not hinder a normal delivery and does not have much bearing on a child or mother’s long term health. However, poorly controlled blood glucose levels during pregnancy is harmful for both the mum and the baby in the long run. The woman can have a healthy pregnancy with proper counselling, planning, multidisciplinary are and constant management of blood sugar. There are cases where women develop diabetes during pregnancy and it is called gestational diabetes where all the parameters for care are similar to those with existing diabetes.