Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infection or UTI is an infection that affects any part of the urinary system. It can affect the kidneys, ureters, bladder and the urethra. Women have an higher risk of developing UTI. When infections involve the lower urinary tract it is painful and if  the UTI spreads to the kidneys it can be a  very serious health problem.

What are the symptoms?

The following can be the symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection.

A constant urge to urinate.

A burning sensation when passing urine.

Frequent small amounts of urine.

Urine with a cloudy appearance.

Blood in the urine.

Pelvic pain in women.

Causes for UTI

UTI occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and they multiply in the bladder. The urinary system usually keeps out microscopic invaders but these defences sometime do not work. Bacteria finally grow into a full blown infection.

The infection may occur due to various factors. The bladder cystitis is caused by E.coili which is found in the gastro intestinal tract. Sexural intercourse can also cause cystitis because of the anatomy of women. Infection of the urethra is caused by the bacteria spreading from the anus to the urethra.

What are the risks?

The risk are higher in women due to their anatomy. Other risk factors include urinary tract abnormalities, blockage in urinary tract, a suppressed immune system, catheter use in bed ridden patients, a recent urinary tract surgery etc.

How to prevent UTI?

Certain steps can be taken to prevent the occurrence of Urinary Tract Infection.

Drink plenty of fluids and water to dilute the urine and flush out bacteria.

Women should wipe from front to back after urination .

Empty the bladder soon after intercourse.

Avoid products that cause irritation.

Change a birth control method.